Most recently known as a thriving inland cloth and grain port, the medieval market town of Wakefield, became a city in 1888. The city centre hosts fine Victorian County and Town Halls. The Chantry Chapel of St Mary on Wakefield Bridge is one of the last surviving Medieval Bridge chantries, and Wakefield Cathedral, which dates back to pre-Norman times has the highest spire in Yorkshire. Other notable buildings include a restored Elizabethan schoolroom and Tammy Hall, where finished cloth products or ‘tammy’ were traded. The Battle of Wakefield was fought during the Wars of the Roses in 1490 at nearby Sandal Castle. Wakefield is also well connected to the tales of Robin Hood, and there is a good case for Robin being born here. In terms of art and culture, Wakefield’s Theatre Royal and Opera House was created by the distinguished theatre designer Frank Matcham (1854-1920) in 1894, and Wakefield’s famous literary offspring have included novelists George Gissing and more recently Thomas Armstrong. The well-known sculptress, Barbara Hepworth (1903-1975) was born in Wakefield.